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You'll find a surprising number of plant species in the Euganean Hills.  The geological origins of the soils, the shape of the terrain (responsible for contrasting microclimates and biotopes), the isolation from other mountain ranges and changing climatic circumstances due to glaciation patterns are the main reasons for the enormous range of Euganean flora. Here, species adapted to the heat and others adapted to mountainous areas live side by side. If you walk round one of the area's many cone-shaped volcanic peaks, you'll see how plants that grow in hot dry environments (thermophiles) thrive near others that grow in montane and foothill areas (microthermal climates) depending on changes in sun exposure.
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